The French bulldog is a domesticated small breed and great none sporting dog that can be traced back to 1800.
Distinguished with weird features from the short nose, bat ears, wrinkled face, and small-sized heavy bodies.
Loves to snuggle and be around someone, enjoy indoor more than outdoor activities as they heat up quickly. If they are not snoring at your bed they are probably sitting on your lap as they are very affectionate. If you love hiking this is not the best dog for that.
Key Breed Facts
- Clingy dogs want to be near you always.
- Sensitive to cold.
- Lively, and thrives on human companionship.
- Minimal exercise needs and a low barking tendency.
- Need a strong leader as he can be stubborn.
- Known for its bat-like ears and short, wrinkled nose and heavy front body.
- Small full of wrinkles dogs.
- Makes a lot of snorting, snuffling, and wheezing noises, and she may snore.
- Have short coats.
- A happy, curious and good-natured pet with clown tendencies.
- Height- 11-13 inches.
- Life expectancy 10-12 years.
- Weighs up to 28 pounds.
- An indoor dog that doesn’t do well in the heat.
- In 2015, they were the fourth-most popular registered dog in the United Kingdom.
- Popular pet breed.
- 6 most popular AKC registered dog breeds in the USA.
- Mostly owned by society ladies, who first displayed them at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in 1896.
- They are a good choice for couch potatoes as French Bulldogs are restful and have minimal exercise needs.
The French bulldog is commonly known as “the Frenchie”, is a small breed of Bulldog originally developed in the 1800s.
It was developed as a companion breed. Believed to have been developed in three countries Europe between England and France down from English bulldog.
The lace makers of Nottingham’s loved this toy breed dog during the height of the industrial revolution in England. When the industry wasn’t that productive the lace makers relocated to France together with their bulldogs.
The dogs became very popular where the lacemakers settled. Over the decades the dogs were bred together with pugs and terriers to get the now bat ears French dogs which were common with Paris ladies who loved dancing.
Being affection and easy-going dog, and one of the most popular breeds in the world, it has become a favourite of many.
Moreover, the French bulldog gained popularity in the United Kingdom and gradually improved in the 19th century.
At Rangersdog we can say the distinctive bat ears have made the French bulldog recognizable all over the world.
In the early 18th century there was an increase in demand as everyone wanted to breed a toy breed as a lap dog for companionship to date.
Officially recognized by AKC in 1898.
In the early 20th century the breed remained in vogue for high society and was sold for several thousand in dollars.
The French bulldog comes out as a strong muscular heavy boned dog with a smooth coat of medium and small size with various colour shades. The AKC standard recognizes all combinations of brindle, fawn, and white colour coats, although they are other several colours.
Shortnose makes them heat up quickly and one needs to keep her cool. You can give her water or a swim in the dog pool under supervision. Most of them are not able to swim due to the heavy front body unless with a life jacket.
Have big heads and big chest compared to their small hind legs, get a suitable harness to walk them.
Their short face, makes them snort, snuffle, wheeze, grunt, and snore loudly which can be uncomfortable for an unprepared dog owner.
French bulldogs make excellent companion dogs due to their naturally pleasant and affectionate nature. Playful and curious and can keep you laughing all the time with their clown tendencies.
With a good leader, French bulldogs can be successfully trained into very well behaved dogs. Not only, do they need to see you are in control but also firm in training and plenty of positive reinforcement for them to be calm.
Intelligence / Trainability
Make training easy using food as French bulldogs love eating. In other words, he is not one of the active breeds and may be prone to obesity.
French bulldogs are very stubborn and one needs to be patient and consistent when teaching housebreaking rules. Make training easy, and consider the use of paper training or puppy pee pads to get around the problem
French dog can be very manipulative and as the leader, you need to be consistent in training and let them know you mean what you say.
Children and Other Pets
Loves to be around people and other dogs. As a result, Bred for centuries as a companion dog as, he’s very fond of people, and becomes particularly attached to his family.
The French bulldog is plagued by many potential health concerns. Many diseases and health conditions are genetic, meaning they are related to your pet’s breed.
One most common issue is they have a hard time breathing because of their short nose and compromised air passages. One can opt for surgery to enable them to breathe well.
At Rangersdog, we can say importantly, that the health of a dog will only depend on the health history of the puppies’ parents.
Frenchies also suffer from spinal disorders, eye diseases (cherry eye, juvenile cataracts, or entropion), heart disease, and joint diseases.
French Bulldogs are more likely than other canines to be born with spinal deformities (a condition called hemivertebrae), which may lead to spinal cord damage, instability, or disability.
These conditions can worsen with age, weight or activities the dog is involved in.
Other issues include infections like parvo, rabies, and distemper which can be prevented with vaccination.
Several tests can be conducted by your breeder to check on the above conditions before you purchase her.
Due to their heavily front body structure, they are not good swimming and can drown hence do not leave them alone in a pool.
French bulldog suffers from obesity when you feed her your leftovers and a lot of treats. Obesity can lead to joint problems, and back pains. You can purchase an orthopedic bed to relieve stress and prevent stiff muscles of your dog.
In addition, they suffer from intervertebral disc disease (IVDD). This is a common condition in French Bulldogs. It is a disease that is caused when the jelly-like cushion between one or more vertebrae slips or ruptures, causing the disc to press on the spinal cord.
When you see your dog exhibit symptoms like pain, unwilling to jump or move up or down the stairs, or cries out he might be in severe pain.
Fleas and worms in French Bulldogs
Fleas and tick are easy to get into your French bulldog coat on your daily walk outdoor. Treat her year-round to kill any eggs on her fur. With parasites give medications once the symptoms are manifested by your French bulldog.
The common parasites like hookworms, roundworms, whipworms can be indigested by your dog through contaminated drinking water, walking on contaminated soils.
Ensure to keep the environment clean and disinfect your French bulldog bed, blankets, living area.
Caring for a French bulldog
These are dogs bred for companionship and love the company of humans. Definitely, French bulldogs make great apartment dogs. As long as they get plenty of love and at least daily walk each day as exercise.
Nevertheless, just like any flat-faced” breeds, has difficulty regulating his body temperature and needs to live in a climate-controlled environment.
Not a dog for hiking or staying for long hours in hot and humid temperatures due to difficulties in breathing.
Ways of caring for your Frenchie
Keep your dog hydrated by giving enough water in their water bowl or dispenser it plays an important role.
I recommend you to regularly check on your furry friend’s water bowl if he has clean and freshwater during a day. On the contrary, heatstroke can turn out to be fatal for your little pooch.
You can also use a compressed shower or sprinkler to cool off your French bulldog when it is hot.
Clean your dog’s ears once a week with ear ointment recommended by your vet. The bat-like ears are open and allow dirt, dust, and anything to enter the ears.
Firstly, put some ointment into the ears and massage. Allow your dog to shake them and later clean the outer part with a cotton ball to get all the dirt out.
The French bulldog is prone to allergies due to sensitive skin. Get a shampoo that is formulated for dogs and is mild. A shampoo that keeps her skin soft and hydrated and isn’t itchy to her ears.
Regardless of its wrinkled features the breed sheds minimally and requires weekly brushing with a bristle brush.
Furthermore, you can use a grooming glove for brushing because in that way you’ll be able to reach all the hard-to-reach body parts.
Nonetheless, French bulldogs need a lot of cleaning due to her heavily wrinkled face to keep him clean and dry.
And with her big open ears, a lot of dirt gets in. Get an ear cleaner put a few drops and massage for a minute. Do this once a week to prevent any infection. Use also cotton buds and remove the dirt after cleaning.
Clean in between the wrinkles to remove all dirt.
For the eyes use eye drops to remove debris and dirt out daily.
Bathe your dog but seal her ears with cotton balls to prevent water inside and leading to an infection.
Regularly trim your bulldog nails with a strong nail clipper to avoid long nail which can cause pain while walking.
They do not require much exercise to keep them in shape. Limit aggressive exercises like jumping from a high place or bed as they have sensitive skin.
This is a breed for any family, it can fit in an active family or less active. A few minutes of outdoor plays sessions or a short walk is enough exercise daily.
When walking your dog I would recommend the use of a harness for your French bulldog compared to a lead. Due to their heavy front body, it can be difficult to use a leash as it can injure her neck from pulling, harnesses make them more comfortable to walk properly especially the puppies.
Not the most active breed with their short nose as they can have difficulties in breathing. Although they can be involved in agility and obedience sports in cool weather conditions.
The French bulldog needs a good high-quality food dog to prevent allergies and stomach upsets due to a sensitive stomach. One of the best food you can feed her is Royal Canin. Check more at Rangersdog food articles.
The breed needs all nutrients but gives good proportions, watch on weight and calories to curb obesity.
In case of health issues and worries on the food, you are giving consult your vet. When giving treats do not give excess give in moderations.
Average Cost to keep/care for a French bulldog
They are very expensive dogs. One needs to have pet insurance to cater for her allergies or small checkups. In addition, the cost of feeding, grooming, training, vaccination, healthcare, beddings, toys, food/treats, trackers can be more expensive than most dog breeds.
One needs to be financially prepared from one of costs to recurring costs in your French bulldog life span of 10-12 years. The cost can range from as low as £700- V4000 annually depending on your dog’s needs.
The French bulldog is a popular breed and on high demand and one can buy a good one from £1500-£8000 or even more.
Be prepared when surgery is to be done as it can cost a lot of money, especially if you are planning to breed. French bulldogs go through the caesarian section while giving birth.
Breed Specific Buying Advice
Find a reputable breeder when you want to buy a French bulldog. Even better you can adopt. Avoid buying your dog from a pet store.
Dogs that come from reputable breeders are less likely to have health concerns. Besides, the breeding process is usually a very thorough one which involves the breeder spending a whole lot of money on the litter.
This can make them more expensive than other sellers in the market who could have compromised the puppy’s health with bad breeding practices.