Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Dog Breed & Puppy Information

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a sweet-tempered, playful, small and gentle spaniel dog.

Cavalier: Small Adorable Toy breed

Cavalier: Adorable Human Companion

Additionally, also known as “sporting toy breed” because of his combination of spaniel and toy traits.

If you love cuddling this is a breed for you and your family. Moreover, Cavalier adores cuddling in laps and snuggling on soft surfaces and pillows but also has a sporty nature.

Importantly, Cavalier craves human contact and companionship hence ensure to supply that and make this adorable breed feel loved.

Key Breed Facts

  • Small, friendly and attractive.
  • Eager to please.
  • Household dogs, not good watchdogs as they are friendly to strangers too.
  • Loves cuddling and snuggling on pillows and laps.
  • Very athletic while outdoor-loves running and chasing.
  • Can adapt easily to any environment (city life, small apartment space or country life).

Breed Characteristics

  • Weighs: 13-18pounds.
  • Height: 12-13 inches tall.
  • The life expectancy of 9-14 years.
  • Have athletic instincts, naturally curious and playful dogs.
  • Floppy-eared breed.
  • Small dogs with a big personality.

Breed Highlights

  • They are chasers- can run after squirrels, birds, bike or even children if given a chance.
  • Family dogs who love human companionship.
  • In 1911 they were documented, in the book “Toy Dogs and Their Ancestors Including the History And Management of Toy Spaniels, Pekingese, Japanese and Pomeranians.
  • Cavaliers were the sixth most popular dog in the United Kingdom in 2007 according to the Kennel Club.
  • Greatest artists like Van Dyck featured them next to their royal owners in paintings.
  • In 1985, President Ronald Reagan gave his wife a Cavalier as a Christmas present.
  • Good lapdogs for also elderly and medical patients.
  • Bred from toy spaniels and most charming companions in the canine community.


In 1500 they were brought from France to Scotland. These small dogs used to curl in the beds of royalties and queens to keep them warm, which is depicted in their paintings.

Moreover, during cold winters they were bred for companionship and to keep their owners warm.

Used mostly in England back to the 17th century, during the times of King Charles II of England. King Charles II, who was very fond of the breed gave them their name as he would go with his cavaliers everywhere.

Unfortunately when the king passed on their popularity started dwindling. Following this they started being breed with pug9another small dog breed) giving it a domed head and short snout.

Officially recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1995.


Four Acceptable Colours of Cavalier Appearance

Four Acceptable Colours of Cavalier Spaniel

Comes in four acceptable colours namely:

  • Black and tan.
  • Blenheim (chestnut red with white).
  • Tricolor (black/white/tan).
  • Ruby.

It has a floppy-eared breed and need to be clean and checked regularly to avoid infections.

It has a silky, smooth coat and commonly a smooth undocked tail. The coat needs regular weekly brushing to keep it clean. Besides is feathering around ears, feet, chest, and tail.

Charming big brown eyes that can melt any dog owner’s heart to constantly pet, cuddle. Works well during feeding which can lead to obesity.

Not only, is the Cavalier’s ears set higher and its skull is a flat while, but the muzzle length also tends to be longer.


Unquestionably, very affectionate and attached loves being near people. Not a breed to be ignored making him a good companion.

Even so, Cavalier King Charles spaniel puppies need plenty of early socialization to build a confident, outgoing temperament.

Their gentle nature makes them good therapy dogs.

Furthermore, this toy breed, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is known for its social nature and friendly personality.

Intelligence / Trainability

Cavalier Spaniels respond well to positively reinforced training. Start training and early socialization while still puppies. He can be shy and timid if not trained and to exhibit destructive behaviours like tearing furniture or digging.

They are intelligent dogs which makes training easy. You can enroll them in obedience classes, agility, and other dog sports.

Children and Other Pets

Playful and Great with Children

Playful and Great with Children

Despite being soft tempered children need to be respectful towards them.

They have a friendly personality and are eager to meet everybody making them a favourite to children and other house pets.

Due to their playful and affectionate nature they are eager to please and a breed good with children and other dogs.

They love to spend time with family and get along very well with children as they are dogs with big hearts.


We have various health issues that affect the breed that you should be aware of.

Although most Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are healthy.

This is a breed that suffers from hip dysplasia, heart diseases (mitra valve disease), kneecap dislocation (common in toy and miniature dog breeds), Progressive retinal atrophy (an inherited disease due to defective gene from the parent).

Syringomyelia (altered sensation at the back of head or neck causing pain) additionally the dog scratches a lot.

Importantly, keep your Cavalier healthy by ensuring you buy them from a responsible breeder, take her for regular vet visits. Not only will this, help to ensure the health of your Cavalier King Charles Spaniel but also gives him a long life expectancy.

Diet plays a major role in these toy breeds. Undoubtedly, feed him a healthy diet that meets his nutritional needs as well as his energy needs.

Caring for a Cavalier King Spaniel

This is a breed that loves human company and if left alone for hours can lead to separation anxiety. Bad behaviors can be exhibited when stressed due to loneliness. The dog can start chewing on things, jumping on everyone, digging, etc.

Needs to be on a leash when not in a fenced yard, as they chase anything and can cross even a busy road. They are not street smart.

Keep him busy with daily exercise but can still love if you let them sleep on the couch cuddling.

A walk outdoor will enhance your bonding and playtime together, give that daily walk and let him enjoy the beautiful scenery and air outdoor.


They shed often hence you will need to brush regularly with a good brush. Check on the grooming when necessary bathe him. Do not let him get off while having the doggy smell.

Trim his nail with a nail clipper every month.

Clean his floppy ears at least a week to prevent infections.

This Spaniel breed has feathered, fluffy fur on its feet which needs trimming.

Additionally, the AKC allows the hair between the pads of the underside of the feet to be trimmed.


This is a chaser and love running after things/animals. It chases squirrels, low flying birds hence for safety need to be in a fenced yard or on a leash.

Give them daily walks of 20 minutes and running around the yard is good for them. Despite being a lap dog he also enjoys joining you in the walks, hike, and dog sports (agility, flyball, running).

Allow Cavalier to run In a Fenced Yard

Allow Cavalier to Run In a Fenced Yard

Exercise is an important part of a dog’s life and helps to keep him active and healthy.  If you have an independent dwelling with a garden or backyard, your little one can get a lot of exercises outdoors.

They can do modest exercise a walk in your neighbourhood on a leash, a run in your fenced yard is okay too.

Keep him on a leash while outdoor or at the park, due to his prey drive he will chase everything.

Alongside this, when in a fenced yard allow him to run around without a leash.


The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel to remain healthy and happy needs a well-balanced diet.

Importantly, these are dog breeds that require a special nutritional diet.

Unquestionably, a balanced diet is necessary regardless of its energy levels.

Without a doubt, feed a high-quality commercial diet formulated for a toy or small breeds.

Not only should you provide a balance of protein, fat, and carbohydrates in their diet but also, vitamins and minerals.  Furthermore, this will help in their growth and development in a healthy way. Consider the dog’s weight, activity level, and size when feeding.

Their small bodies facilitate fast metabolisms and hence when feeding ensure to give a lot of calories in proportions as advised by the vet. Have a feeding scheduled and feed 3-4 small meals daily formulated for the small breed.

Despite being a sporty dog, if your is a lap dog check on the size proportion while feeding to avoid him becoming obese.

Unquestionably, it is important to feed them correctly and on a regular basis check their weight to see if they are changes and act accordingly.

You can feed on canned, dry or treats formulated for them. Dry food is convenient, affordable but ensures it has the required nutrition. Check the ingredients on the food package and follow the instruction as advised so as not to overfeed.

You can give 1-1.5 cup of feed but also consider her weight, activity level and size.

Average Cost to keep/care for a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Being a lap dog and a darling to most family and was once used by royalties, this is among the expensive breeds.

Comes with both one time cost and Recurring costs which include food, hygiene and grooming, and medical costs which are also significant. Regular vet visits will ensure your cavalier health is good, budget for that also.

Take your Cavalier To the Vet Regularly

Take your Cavalier To the Vet Regularly

Depending on the breeder, location and good genetic of the dog the price may be high. Purebreds are more expensive to buy than mixed breed cavaliers. The price of buying one can range from £500- £4000 depending on whether it is a mixed or purebred cavalier

Additionally, prepare financially when looking for a good cavalier.

Other factors that contribute to how low or high the adoption cost is depending on the health, medic care cost, and age. It is cheaper to adopt than to buy a cavalier puppy.

Avoid buying your puppy from the puppy mills regardless of whether they are cheaper due to bad breeding practices. Inbreeding can lead to health problems that shorten their life span later.

Before bringing your puppy home shop for her bed, toys, leash, harness, collar. Dog Tag to reduce the cost later.

Other costs may include vaccination fees, consultations, deworming, certificates and permits, insurance, microchipping, training, grooming costs, and food.

Breed Specific Buying Advice

Buy a puppy with documents from officially recognized groups but expect the price to be higher. Additionally, ask for a health certificate for the puppy you are taking home.

Ask for a DNA test of the parents to see if the breeding line carries the genetic mutation that causes the above health conditions.

Lastly, get a Cavalier from a reputable breeder, do not buy a cavalier with small sizes to avoid health problems in the future.